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Python Enhancement Proposals

PEP 631 – Dependency specification in pyproject.toml based on PEP 508

Author
Ofek Lev <ofekmeister at gmail.com>
Sponsor
Paul Ganssle <paul at ganssle.io>
Discussions-To
Discourse thread
Status
Superseded
Type
Standards Track
Created
20-Aug-2020
Post-History
20-Aug-2020
Superseded-By
621
Resolution
Discourse post

Table of Contents

Abstract

This PEP specifies how to write a project’s dependencies in a pyproject.toml file for packaging-related tools to consume using the fields defined in PEP 621.

Note

This PEP has been accepted and was merged into PEP 621.

Entries

All dependency entries MUST be valid PEP 508 strings.

Build backends SHOULD abort at load time for any parsing errors.

from packaging.requirements import InvalidRequirement, Requirement

...

try:
    Requirement(entry)
except InvalidRequirement:
    # exit

Specification

dependencies

Every element MUST be an entry.

[project]
dependencies = [
  'PyYAML ~= 5.0',
  'requests[security] < 3',
  'subprocess32; python_version < "3.2"',
]

optional-dependencies

Each key is the name of the provided option, with each value being the same type as the dependencies field i.e. an array of strings.

[project.optional-dependencies]
tests = [
  'coverage>=5.0.3',
  'pytest',
  'pytest-benchmark[histogram]>=3.2.1',
]

Example

This is a real-world example port of what docker-compose defines.

[project]
dependencies = [
  'cached-property >= 1.2.0, < 2',
  'distro >= 1.5.0, < 2',
  'docker[ssh] >= 4.2.2, < 5',
  'dockerpty >= 0.4.1, < 1',
  'docopt >= 0.6.1, < 1',
  'jsonschema >= 2.5.1, < 4',
  'PyYAML >= 3.10, < 6',
  'python-dotenv >= 0.13.0, < 1',
  'requests >= 2.20.0, < 3',
  'texttable >= 0.9.0, < 2',
  'websocket-client >= 0.32.0, < 1',

  # Conditional
  'backports.shutil_get_terminal_size == 1.0.0; python_version < "3.3"',
  'backports.ssl_match_hostname >= 3.5, < 4; python_version < "3.5"',
  'colorama >= 0.4, < 1; sys_platform == "win32"',
  'enum34 >= 1.0.4, < 2; python_version < "3.4"',
  'ipaddress >= 1.0.16, < 2; python_version < "3.3"',
  'subprocess32 >= 3.5.4, < 4; python_version < "3.2"',
]

[project.optional-dependencies]
socks = [ 'PySocks >= 1.5.6, != 1.5.7, < 2' ]
tests = [
  'ddt >= 1.2.2, < 2',
  'pytest < 6',
  'mock >= 1.0.1, < 4; python_version < "3.4"',
]

Implementation

Parsing

from packaging.requirements import InvalidRequirement, Requirement

def parse_dependencies(config):
    dependencies = config.get('dependencies', [])
    if not isinstance(dependencies, list):
        raise TypeError('Field `project.dependencies` must be an array')

    for i, entry in enumerate(dependencies, 1):
        if not isinstance(entry, str):
            raise TypeError(f'Dependency #{i} of field `project.dependencies` must be a string')

        try:
            Requirement(entry)
        except InvalidRequirement as e:
            raise ValueError(f'Dependency #{i} of field `project.dependencies` is invalid: {e}')

    return dependencies

def parse_optional_dependencies(config):
    optional_dependencies = config.get('optional-dependencies', {})
    if not isinstance(optional_dependencies, dict):
        raise TypeError('Field `project.optional-dependencies` must be a table')

    optional_dependency_entries = {}

    for option, dependencies in optional_dependencies.items():
        if not isinstance(dependencies, list):
            raise TypeError(
                f'Dependencies for option `{option}` of field '
                '`project.optional-dependencies` must be an array'
            )

        entries = []

        for i, entry in enumerate(dependencies, 1):
            if not isinstance(entry, str):
                raise TypeError(
                    f'Dependency #{i} of option `{option}` of field '
                    '`project.optional-dependencies` must be a string'
                )

            try:
                Requirement(entry)
            except InvalidRequirement as e:
                raise ValueError(
                    f'Dependency #{i} of option `{option}` of field '
                    f'`project.optional-dependencies` is invalid: {e}'
                )
            else:
                entries.append(entry)

        optional_dependency_entries[option] = entries

    return optional_dependency_entries

Metadata

def construct_metadata_file(metadata_object):
    """
    https://packaging.python.org/specifications/core-metadata/
    """
    metadata_file = 'Metadata-Version: 2.1\n'

    ...

    if metadata_object.dependencies:
        # Sort dependencies to ensure reproducible builds
        for dependency in sorted(metadata_object.dependencies):
            metadata_file += f'Requires-Dist: {dependency}\n'

    if metadata_object.optional_dependencies:
        # Sort extras and dependencies to ensure reproducible builds
        for option, dependencies in sorted(metadata_object.optional_dependencies.items()):
            metadata_file += f'Provides-Extra: {option}\n'
            for dependency in sorted(dependencies):
                if ';' in dependency:
                    metadata_file += f'Requires-Dist: {dependency} and extra == "{option}"\n'
                else:
                    metadata_file += f'Requires-Dist: {dependency}; extra == "{option}"\n'

    ...

    return metadata_file

Source: https://github.com/python/peps/blob/main/pep-0631.rst

Last modified: 2022-04-15 21:35:49 GMT