PEP 714 – Rename dist-info-metadata in the Simple API
- Donald Stufft <donald at stufft.io>
- Paul Moore <p.f.moore at gmail.com>
- Discourse thread
- Standards Track
- Discourse message
Table of Contents
- Backwards Compatibility
- Rejected Ideas
This PEP renames the metadata provided by PEP 658 in both HTML and JSON formats of the Simple API and provides guidelines for both clients and servers in how to handle the renaming.
PEP 658 specified a mechanism to host the core metadata files from an artifact available through the Simple API such that a client could fetch the metadata and use it without having to download the entire artifact. Later PEP 691 was written to add the ability to use JSON rather than HTML on the Simple API, which included support for the PEP 658 metadata.
Unfortunately, PyPI did not support PEP 658 until just
recently, which released with
a bug where the
dist-info-metadata key from PEP 658 was incorrectly named in the JSON
representation, to be
data-dist-info-metadata. However, when
attempting to fix that bug, it was discovered that pip also had a
bug, where any use of
dist-info-metadata in the JSON representation would cause pip to hard fail
with an exception.
The bug in pip has existed since at least
v22.3, which means that it has
been released for approximately 8 months, long enough to have been pulled into
Python releases, downstream Linux releases, baked into containers, virtual
This puts us in an awkward position of having a bug on PyPI that cannot be fixed without breaking pip, due to a bug in pip, but that version of pip is old enough to have been widely deployed. To make matters worse, a version of pip that is broken in this way cannot install anything from PyPI once it fixes its bug, including installing a new, fixed version of pip.
There are 3 main options for a path forward for fixing these bugs:
- Do not change the spec, fix the bug in pip, wait some amount of time, then fix the bug in PyPI, breaking anyone using an unfixed pip such that they cannot even install a new pip from PyPI.
- Do the same as (1), but special case PyPI so it does not emit the PEP 658 metadata for pip, even if it is available. This allows people to upgrade pip if they’re on a broken version, but nothing else.
- Change the spec to avoid the key that pip can’t handle currently, allowing PyPI to emit that key and a new version of pip to be released to take advantage of that key.
This PEP chooses (3), but goes a little further and also renames the key in the HTML representation.
Typically we do not change specs because of bugs that only affect one particular implementation, unless the spec itself is at fault, which isn’t the case here: the spec is fine and these are just genuine bugs in pip and PyPI.
However, we choose to do this for 4 reasons:
- Bugs that affect pip and PyPI together represent an outsized amount of impact compared to any other client or repository combination.
- The impact of being broken is that installs do not function, at all, rather than degrading gracefully in some way.
- The feature that is being blocked by these bugs is of large importance to the ability to quickly and efficiently resolve dependencies from PyPI with pip, and having to delay it for a long period of time while we wait for the broken versions of pip to fall out of use would be of detriment to the entire ecosystem.
- The downsides of changing the spec are fairly limited, given that we do not believe that support for this is widespread, so it affects only a limited number of projects.
The keywords “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL”” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.
The PEP 658 metadata, when used in the HTML representation of the Simple API,
MUST be emitted using the attribute name
data-core-metadata, with the
supported values remaining the same.
The PEP 658 metadata, when used in the PEP 691 JSON representation of the
Simple API, MUST be emitted using the key
core-metadata, with the
supported values remaining the same.
To support clients that used the previous key names, the HTML representation
MAY also be emitted using the
data-dist-info-metadata, and if it does
so it MUST match the value of
Clients consuming any of the HTML representations of the Simple API MUST
read the PEP 658 metadata from the key
data-core-metadata if it is
present. They MAY optionally use the legacy
it is present but
data-core-metadata is not.
Clients consuming the JSON representation of the Simple API MUST read the
PEP 658 metadata from the key
core-metadata if it is present. They
MAY optionally use the legacy
dist-info-metadata key if it is present
core-metadata is not.
There is a minor compatibility break in this PEP, in that clients that currently correctly handle the existing metadata keys will not automatically understand the newer metadata keys, but they should degrade gracefully, and simply act as if the PEP 658 metadata does not exist.
Otherwise there should be no compatibility problems with this PEP.
Leave the spec unchanged, and cope with fixing in PyPI and/or pip
We believe that the improvements brought by PEP 658 are very important to improving the performance of resolving dependencies from PyPI, and would like to be able to deploy it as quickly as we can.
Unfortunately the nature of these bugs is that we cannot deploy them as is
without breaking widely deployed and used versions of pip. The breakages in
this case would be bad enough that affected users would not even be able to
directly upgrade their version of pip to fix it, but would have to manually
fetch pip another way first (e.g.
This is something that PyPI would be unwilling to do without some way to mitigate those breakages for those users. Without some reasonable mitigation strategy, we would have to wait until those versions of pip are no longer in use on PyPI, which would likely be 5+ years from now.
There are a few possible mitigation strategies that we could use, but we’ve rejected them as well.
Mitigation: Special Case pip
The breakages are particularly bad in that it prevents users from even upgrading
pip to get an unbroken version of pip, so a command like
pip install --upgrade pip would fail. We could mitigate this by having PyPI
special case pip itself, so that the JSON endpoint never returns the PEP 658
metadata and the above still works.
This PEP rejects this idea because while the simple command that only upgrades pip would work, if the user included anything else in that command to upgrade then the command would go back to failing, which we consider to be still too large of a breakage.
Additionally, while this bug happens to be getting exposed right now with PyPI, it is really a bug that would happen with any PEP 691 repository that correctly exposed the PEP 658 metadata. This would mean that every repository would have to carry this special case for pip.
Mitigation: Have the server use User-Agent Detection
pip puts its version number into its
User-Agent, which means that the server
could detect the version number and serve different responses based on that
version number so that we don’t serve the PEP 658 metadata to versions of pip
that are broken.
This PEP rejects this idea because supporting
User-Agent detection is too
difficult to implement in a reasonable way.
- On PyPI we rely heavily on caching the Simple API in our CDN. If we varied
the responses based on
User-Agent, then our CDN cache would have an explosion of cache keys for the same content, which would make it more likely that any particular request would not be cached and fall back to hitting our backend servers, which would have to scale much higher to support the load.
- PyPI could support the
User-Agentdetection idea by mutating the
Acceptheader of the request so that those versions appear to only accept the HTML version, allowing us to maintain the CDNs cache keys. This doesn’t affect any downstream caches of PyPI though, including pip’s HTTP cache which would possibly have JSON versions cached for those requests and we wouldn’t emit a
User-Agentfor them to know that it isn’t acceptable to share those caches, and adding a
Vary: User-Agentfor downstream caches would have the same problem as (1), but for downstream caches instead of our CDN cache.
- The pip bug ultimately isn’t PyPI specific, it affects any repository that
implements PEP 691 and PEP 658 together. This would mean that
workarounds that rely on implementation specific fixes have to be replicated
for each repository that implements both, which may not be easy or possible
in all cases (static mirrors may not be able to do this
User-Agentdetection for instance).
Only change the JSON key
The bug in pip only affects the JSON representation of the Simple API, so we only need to actually change the key in the JSON, and we could leave the existing HTML keys alone.
This PEP rejects doing that because we believe that in the long term, having the HTML and JSON key names diverge would make mistakes like this more likely and make implementing and understanding the spec more confusing.
The main reason that we would want to not change the HTML keys is to not lose PEP 658 support in any HTML only clients or repositories that might already support it. This PEP mitigates that breakage by allowing both clients and servers to continue to support both keys, with a recommendation of when and how to do that.
The recommendations in this section, other than this notice itself, are non-normative, and represent what the PEP authors believe to be the best default implementation decisions for something implementing this PEP, but it does not represent any sort of requirement to match these decisions.
We recommend that servers only emit the newer keys, particularly for the JSON representation of the Simple API since the bug itself only affected JSON.
Servers that wish to support PEP 658 in clients that use HTML and have it implemented, can safely emit both keys only in HTML.
Servers should not emit the old keys in JSON unless they know that no broken versions of pip will be used to access their server.
We recommend that clients support both keys, for both HTML and JSON, preferring the newer key as this PEP requires. This will allow clients to support repositories that already have correctly implemented PEP 658 and PEP 691 but have not implemented this PEP.
This document is placed in the public domain or under the CC0-1.0-Universal license, whichever is more permissive.
Last modified: 2023-09-09 17:39:29 GMT